Inequalities

Segmenting life expectancy by cause of death

Public Health England has developed a resource which provides information on the causes of death that are driving inequalities in life expectancy at local area level. Targeting the causes of death which contribute most to the life expectancy gap should have the biggest impact on reducing inequalities.

For males and females, the tool provides data tables and charts showing the breakdown of the life expectancy gap in 2012-14 for two comparisons:

  • The gap between the Local Authority as a whole and England as a whole.
  • The gap between the most deprived quintile and the least deprived quintile within the Local Authority.

 

The gap between Hartlepool and England
For men , about one-third of the gap between Hartlepool and England is caused by higher rates of cancer mortality, whereas for women, cancer mortality accounts for half of the gap.  Within the cancer category, lung cancer is the main contributor to the gap for men and women.  Circulatory and digestive diseases have a larger contribution to the gap for men than women, with respiratory diseases contributing similarly for both sexes.

Hartlepool inequality gaps with England cause of death scarf chart 2012-14

 

The gap within Hartlepool

For women, cancer forms the largest part of the gap between the most and least deprived communities in Hartlepool, whereas for men, circulatory diseases have the greatest contribution to the gap.  For males, external causes of death (such as suicide and accidents) have a much greater contribution to the gap between deprived and affluent communities in Hartlepool compared with females.

Hartlepool gap in cause of death most and least deprived, 2012-14

 

Full details, including number of deaths and numbers of excess deaths can be found in The Segment Tool: Key results for Hartlepool.

 

Premature mortality

Premature mortality, that is to say deaths before age 75 years, is a symptom of high disease burden as well as underlying health inequalities.  Know your numbers: premature mortality provides an analysis of the main causes of premature mortality in Tees Valley, and estimates how many premature deaths would need to be prevented to achieve rates similar to the North East and England.  In Hartlepool the greatest burden of premature mortality is due to cancer, followed by circulatory disease.

Hartlepool premature mortality rates and numbers