Crime

Crime and the fear of crime are key factors that affect people’s quality of life and sense of well-being.

There is a direct link to health through such things as violent injury, rape and other offences against the person, and less directly via the psychological trauma of experiencing crimes such as burglary or vandalism.

Fear of crime affects the health of the wider community via, for example, restrictions on unsupervised outdoor play for children and social isolation of older people.

It has been acknowledged that the actual rick of becoming a victim of crime is much lower than the perceived fear of crime and victimisation. Fear of crime can have a devastating effect on quality of life and more focus is being placed upon providing reassurance to residents and ensuring that they know how best to protect themselves from becoming a victim without raising fear unnecessarily.

Crime reduces the effectiveness of healthcare systems through violence against NHS staff, damage to property, and costs of replacement, repairs and security. Alcohol and illegal drug dependency increase crime, and have an impact on health care services. http://www.wales.nhs.uk/sitesplus/888/page/43763

This topic is associated with:

Offenders

Alcohol misuse

Illicit drug use

Domestic violence victims

Sexual violence victims

Last updated: 2015-09-03 11:33:38
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1. What are the key issues?

Overall

In 2013/14, the rate of all recorded crime was 61.7 crimes per 1,000 population. This has increased by 2.2 crimes per 1,000 population from the previous year. The actual number of crimes has increased by 3.8%.

Despite the increase in crime, in 2013/14, the number of arrests has reduced by 16% compared to the previous year.

Types of crimes

Theft and handling stolen goods made up 26% of the total number of arrests, followed by violence against the person (21%).

In 2013/14, all of the following crimes saw a rise in the number of offences compared to the previous year: 

  • House burglary;
  • Other burglary;
  • Bicycle theft;
  • Theft from the person;
  • Vehicle crime; and
  • Shoplifting.

In 2013/14, other theft made up 39% of all recorded crime, followed by criminal damage (23%), burglary (15%) and violence (13%).

In 2013/14 all acquisitive crime increased by 11% compared to the previous year; other theft and shoplifting making up almost half of all acquisitive crimes.

In 2013/14, shoplifting increased by 12% compared to the previous year.

In 2013/14, vehicle crime increased by 10% compared to the previous year; most of which were theft of motor vehicles. Many of the vehicles were insecure.

In 2013/14, house and other burglaries both increased considerably compared to the previous year, with almost one-third of house burglaries being insecure.

Almost two-thirds of violent offences were committed under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.

Time

In Redcar & Cleveland, analysis shows that crime rates are much higher in October than any other month.

Violent offences are mostly associated with the night-time economy.

Location

Coatham ward has the highest rate of crime in the Redcar & Cleveland; followed by South Bank, Grangetown and Guisborough. These electoral wards incurred crime rates of between 109 and 177 crimes per 1,000 population.

Kirkleatham ward had a 35% increase in the number of reported domestic incidents.

Coatham and South Bank wards incurred the highest number of recorded drug offences.

Repeat Offending

Over one-third (39%) of the South Tees Youth Offending Service cohort re-offended.

Repeat offending statistics published by the Ministry of Justice have a two year lag prior to their release. There are no performance targets required to be achieved.

Data

There is no formal process in place to identify individuals who appear on different datasets.

Data collection processes for repeat victims on multiple datasets is not co-ordinated.

iQuanta

iQunata is a web-based system that presents statistical information about police performance across a wide number of measures. The data is very detailed, allowing police forces and community safety partnerships to be ranked and compared in league tables regarding all crime types. These league tables are called the ‘Most Similar Family Groups’ (MSFGs), compiled using various data such as population figures and deprivation levels. The Community Safety Partnerships are ranked in order of the crime rate per 1,000 population.

Regarding 12 relevant sub categories of crime types, Redcar & Cleveland were above the MSFG average for one-third of them. These were:

  • arson;
  • criminal damage;
  • other burglary; and
  • shoplifting.

Arson and criminal damage had the highest and second highest crime rates in the MSFG respectively.

Last updated: 03/09/15

2. What commissioning priorities are recommended?

2012/01

Acquisitive crimes (other theft & burglary);

2012/02

Antisocial behaviour and related crime/incidents;

2012/03

Drugs and alcohol misuse;

2012/04

Reducing offending and re-offending;

2012/05

Violence (domestic, sexual and alcohol-related).

2015/01

Reduce Antisocial Behaviour & Associated Incidents

2015/02

Reduce the Harm caused by Violence & Substance Misuse

2015/03

Reduce Offending & Re-Offending, particularly acquisitive crime

Last updated: 03/09/15

3. Who is at risk and why?

Socioeconomic status

There is a strong correlation between locations of higher crime and high levels of deprivation and unemployment.

Unemployed people are twice as likely to be burgled and be victims of violence as the average person.

Gender

Men are more likely to commit a crime than women.

More young males are associated with ASB incidents.

Females are at a greater risk of domestic violence (82% of victims are female).

There is a high prevalence of female victims who repeatedly suffer violence.

Age

Young households are more than twice as likely to be the victims of violence as the average household.

Males aged 20-29 tend to account for the highest proportion of victims of violence associated with the night-time economy.

Females aged 25-34 are at the most risk of domestic violence.

Females aged 25-34 are at the most risk of theft from the person.

It is very rare that elderly people are victims of crime, but they are vulnerable to distraction burglaries.

Older people are more likely to suffer fear of crime and worry about being a victim.

Ethnicity

The 2010/11 British Crime Survey (BCS) showed that the risk of being a victim of personal crime was higher for adults from a mixed background than for other ethnic groups. It was also higher for members of all BME groups than for the white group.

Mental health

People with severe mental illness are responsible for one in 20 violent crimes.

Alcohol

Alcohol arrest data indicates that around 44% of offences are linked to alcohol.

Drugs

Offenders who use heroin, cocaine or crack cocaine commit between one-third and one-half of all acquisitive crimes.

Females, young people, stimulant users and those from the BME community remain under-represented within treatment.

Repeat victims

There is a high prevalence of repeat victims (3.2%).

Young men aged 16 to 24 have the highest risk (13%) of being a repeat victim of violence.

Single parents

Lone parents are twice as likely to be burgled as the average person.

Security

Households with less than ‘basic’ home security measures were considerably more likely to have been victims of burglary (3.4%) than households with ‘basic’ or ‘enhanced’ home security measures (1.4% and 0.7% respectively).

 

Last updated: 07/09/12

4. What is the level of need in the population?

In Redcar & Cleveland, crime rates correlate with levels of deprivation. The chart below shows that the majority of the most deprived wards incur the highest crime rates:

Redcar and Cleveland can be divided into 3x areas, based on their geographical make up. These are:

Coastal (Coatham, Dormanstown, Kirkleatham, Longbeck, Newcomen, Saltburn, St Germains, West Dyke and Zetland wards)

Greater Eston (Eston, Grangetown, Normanby, Ormesby, South Bank and Teesville wards)

Guisborough and East Cleveland (Brotton, Guisborough, Hutton, Lockwood, Loftus, Skelton and Westworth wards)

The area which had the most crime was Greater Eston (37%), followed by Coastal (36%). Guisborough and East Cleveland incurring 27% of crime.

Even though the proportion of crimes has reduced in Greater Eston from the previous year (-1%), the number of actual crimes has increased.

Guisborough and East Cleveland has seen a rise in recorded crime and its proportion of crime (24% → 27%).

Coatham ward incurred the highest number of offences, followed by South Bank and Guisborough.

Regarding all of the above 3 wards, offences were mostly made up of thefts (South Bank – 51%, Coatham – 48% and Guisborough – 37%). Criminal damage offences were also prevalent in each of the 3 wards.

Guisborough has seen the largest increase of all recorded crime from the previous year, whilst Westworth incurred the greatest percentage increase.

Of the nine crime types making up all recorded crime, two-thirds increased from the previous year. See the table below:

Crime Type

Oct12-Sep13

Oct13-Sep14

Diff

% Diff

Violence against the person

1032

1068

+36

+3.5%

Sexual Offences

100

139

+39

+39.0%

Robbery

37

49

+12

+32.4%

Theft

4060

4499

+439

+10.8%

Criminal damage and arson

2071

1950

-121

-5.8%

Public disorder

259

221

-38

-14.7%

Drug offences

329

272

-57

-17.3%

Possession of weapons

49

52

+3

+6.1%

Misc. crimes against society

72

81

+9

+12.5%

TOTAL CRIME

8024

8331

+307

+3.8%

 

As can be seen; violence, sexual offences, robbery, theft, possession of weapons and misc. crimes against society saw increases.

 

Last updated: 09/09/15

5. What services are currently provided?

Acquisitive crime

Projects launched in the last year included:

  • Operation Trojan: this was developed by the police in conjunction with Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (VOSA) and Customs and Excise and tackles unauthorised scrap metal dealers.
  • Operation Scrooge: this is a police festive initiative aimed at preventing crime and ASB in towns and shopping areas in the lead up to Christmas.
  • Operation Boost: this is an extension of Operation Scrooge to occur at different times of the year.
  • Super-cocooning: this involves police officers visiting houses in the close vicinity or a recent burglary/vehicle crime, to increase awareness and intelligence of the crime, and to prevent further offences in that area.
  • Integrated offender management system: this is designed so that all partners manage and reduce the re-offending of prolific and other priority offenders and high crime causes more accurately.

Alcohol and drugs

There were a number of initiatives that cover drug and alcohol-related harm in an attempt to reduce it by providing information around substance misuse. These included:

  • The annual Crucial Crew event: a week-long event educating Year-6 children on a range of scenarios; including fire, water, electricity, road, railway, substance misuse, and cyber activity.
  • Guisborough Nightlights: a street pastors scheme that cares for and helps people who are out on the streets on a weekend associated with the night-time economy.
  • Substance Misuse Services, including the Drugs Intervention Programme (DIP): these services work with individuals who are suffering from substance misuse harm, and attempt to stop their alcohol and/or drug use. The DIP works with those individuals who are also committing crime, in order to fund their habit.

Violence

Projects that occurred in the last year include:

  • White Ribbon Campaign: this involves males campaigning to end violence against women and girls.
  • Operation Harmony: a police initiative that involves patrols in the key nigh-time economy areas.

Bonfire Strategy

This is an initiative that involves Cleveland Fire Brigade and Redcar & Cleveland council completing various actions such as ‘Bring Out Your Dross’ (BOYD) events to reduce the amount of fly-tipping in the borough. This is carried out in the lead up to bonfire night.

Last updated: 03/09/15

6. What is the projected level of need?

There are currently no projected levels of need.

Last updated: 03/09/15

7. What needs might be unmet?

A number of operations and initiatives over the last year have been scaled down or discontinued due to the austerity measures. These include a dedicated Community Safety Partnership support team, Weeks of Action, Youth Inclusion Programme (YIP) mobile services that offered ASB diversionary activities and borough-based dedicated crime prevention officers.

Last updated: 03/09/15

8. What evidence is there for effective intervention?

The Home Office produce online information in relation to effective practice. This sets out examples of effective practice from around the country, covering issues such as burglary, robbery and prostitution.

A Scottish Government paper sets out the main evidence for why offenders move away from committing more crimes in the future.

The Seven Pathways to Reducing Reoffending (Reducing Reoffending National Action Plan, Home Office, 2004) is Probation guidance on how to effectively reduce reoffending.

The HMIC recommend the following for reducing ASB

The evidence for the multi-agency approach to address troubled families is still in the development stages however CLG make reference to effective partnership working to address the needs of troubled families in Westminster (The Westminster Model) which highlights structure and cost savings as a result of their approach.

Last updated: 03/09/15

9. What do people say?

Residents survey

The findings from the Residents survey (2012) carried out in Redcar & Cleveland showed that of those consulted:

  • 88% of residents were concerned by any type of crime;
  • 17% stated they had been a victim of crime in the last 12 months (55% of these was from burglary);
  • 41% were satisfied with the way the police and council deal with antisocial behaviour and crime.
  • 53% think ASB and crime are a problem in their local area, with residents in the Greater Eston area being most dissatisfied.
  • There is a great perceived deterioration in Guisborough & East Cleveland (30% believe their area has got worse).

When asked why crime and ASB is a problem, the highest responses were:

  • they had witnessed it;
  • it had happened to someone they know;
  • they heard people talking about it; and
  • it had happened to them (27% said this).
Last updated: 03/09/15

10. What additional needs assessment is required?

No additional needs assessment is required at present.

Last updated: 03/09/15

Key Contact

Name: Allan Cattermole

Job Title: Corporate Research & Intelligence Analyst

e-mail:Allan.Cattermole@cleveland.pnn.police.uk

phone:01642 302638