Deaths

This section includes data on the total number of deaths, standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for selected causes by gender and some detail of deaths in infancy and childhood.

 

Last updated: 2017-05-05 12:17:18
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1. Number of deaths

There are normally between 1,300 and 1,600 deaths annually in Redcar & Cleveland.  The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) has tended to fall for more than ten years but remains higher than England.

Annual number of deaths and SMR trend, Redcar & ClevelandSource: NHS Digital

The number of deaths by underlying cause shows cancer as the leading cause of death in Redcar & Cleveland, accounting for 34% of deaths in 2014.  Circulatory diseases (26%) and respiratory diseases (13%) were the second and third highest causes of death.  Ischaemic heart disease, including acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) caused nearly 150 deaths, with lung cancer causing 106 deaths.

Underlying cause of death, Redcar & Cleveland, 2014

Compared with national proportions, more people in Redcar & Cleveland than expected die from cancer, particularly lung cancer.

Underlying cause of death proportions, Redcar & Cleveland and England & Wales, 2014

 

Last updated: 10/05/17

2. Standardised mortality ratios (SMR)

In the charts below, deaths in Redcar & Cleveland are compared with England, with the England rate defined as 100 for each cause.  The local rate is then expressed as a ratio compared with England.  A standardised mortality ratio (SMR) higher than 100 indicates higher mortality than England and an SMR of 150 would show 50% higher mortality.  Likewise, SMRs below 100 indicate lower mortality than England.  Solid bars show where the difference is statistically significant.

In Redcar & Cleveland, lung cancer has the second highest SMR for males and females.  For females, bronchitis, emphysema & other COPD has the highest SMR, more than 50% above England.  Land transport accidents had the highest SMR for males, but the difference with England is not statistically significant.

There are no SMRs for the selected conditions which are significantly lower than England.

 

SMRs for selected causes, Redcar & Cleveland, 2012-14

 

The following table shows the number of deaths in Redcar & Cleveland for the three years 2012 to 2014, for selected causes.  It shows cancer as the causing the most deaths, with lung cancer having a high burden.

Redcar & Cleveland number of deaths table, 2012-14

 

Last updated: 16/05/17

3. Mortality in infancy and childhood

Mortality in infancy (2011) and childhood (2010-2012)

 

The rate of infant deaths in Redcar & Cleveland fluctuates but the overall trend is downwards.  In 2013-15, there were, on average, 4 or 5 infant deaths annually.  The gap between the Redcar & Cleveland trend and England appears to have increased since the mid 1990s, with the local rate tending to be lower than England but not significantly different.

Infant mortality trend, Redcar & Cleveland

 

Last updated: 05/05/17