Inequalities

Segmenting life expectancy by cause of death

Public Health England has developed a resource which provides information on the causes of death that are driving inequalities in life expectancy at local area level. Targeting the causes of death which contribute most to the life expectancy gap should have the biggest impact on reducing inequalities.

For males and females, the tool provides data tables and charts showing the breakdown of the life expectancy gap in 2012-14 for two comparisons:

  • The gap between the Local Authority as a whole and England as a whole.
  • The gap between the most deprived quintile and the least deprived quintile within the Local Authority.

 

The gap between Redcar & Cleveland and England
For both men and women, the largest proportion of the gap between Redcar & Cleveland and England is caused by higher rates of cancer mortality.  Within the cancer category, lung cancer deaths contribute about one-third of male excees deaths and three quarters of female excess deaths due to cancer.  Circulatory diseases contribute similarly to the gap for both men and women.  External causes of death are an important difference for men in Redcar & Cleveland compared with England, and respiratory diseases are an important difference for women.

R&C inequality gaps with England cause of death scarf chart 2012-14

 

The gap within Redcar & Cleveland

For women, respiratory diseases and cancer are responsible for two-thirds of the gap between the most and least deprived communities in Redcar & Cleveland, whereas for men, circulatory diseases have the greatest contribution to the gap.  For males, external causes of death (such as accidents and suicide) and digestive diseases have a much greater contribution to the gap between deprived and affluent communities in Redcar & Cleveland compared with females.

R&C gap in cause of death most and least deprived, 2012-14

Full details, including number of deaths and numbers of excess deaths can be found in The Segment Tool: Key results for Redcar & Cleveland.

 

Premature mortality

Premature mortality, that is to say deaths before age 75 years, is a symptom of high disease burden as well as underlying health inequalities.  Know your numbers: premature mortality provides an analysis of the main causes of premature mortality in Tees Valley, and estimates how many premature deaths would need to be prevented to achieve rates similar to the North East and England.  In Redcar & Cleveland the greatest burden of premature mortality is due to cancer, followed by circulatory disease.

Redcar premature mortality rates and numbers