What is the level of need in the population?
Older People population growth
The increase in the number of older people has been rather more marked in the Tees Valley than the national changes, rising from 13% in 1971 (well below the national figure) to 19% in 2010, the same as the national average. Thus, there has been a considerable change in the sub-region’s population from a population younger than the average in 1971 to one that is close to the average now. (Source ONSI)
Table1: Population changes in Tees Valley
There are currently 29,224 over 65s registered with NHS Stockton’s GPs; of these 15,616 are thought to have a long term condition; over 7,000 are likely to be living alone. (Source IC NHS / POPPI)
Many older people live alone, over 8,000 females and nearly 4,000 males now live alone in Stockton (largely reflecting the longer female life expectancy). Approximately 4,000 older people in Stockton are helped to live independently by Social Care. 0ver 11,000 hours of home care per week are commissioned directly or indirectly through Personal Budgets by Stockton Social Care. Of the 11,000 older people living alone in Stockton, 7,000 of them were estimated to be without transport in 2001. Stockton-on-Tees Council also supports over 1,400 older people in residential and nursing care homes.
Furthermore, 45% of Tees Valley’s people of pensionable age receive at least one other state benefit on top of the state pension. (Source DWP/ONS). A fuel poor household is one that needs to spend more than 10% of its income on fuel. Fuel poverty is a significant contributor to illness, especially COPD. The number of older people living in Stockton without central heating in 2011 was 932 a fall in the past 10 years (2001 showed 2,600 without central heating).
Approximately 10% of households have a carer, many of whom are older people. Stockton has an estimated 3,000 older Carers who all have the legal right to an assessment of their needs.
Table 2: Estimated population in Stockton on Tees aged 65+ with a Limiting Long-Term Illness (LLTI)
In Stockton over 2,000 older people are predicted to have a longstanding health condition caused by CVD which will need long-term care and rehabilitation.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, accounts for one fifth of all deaths in England and, like many other health concerns is disproportionately high in older people. In Stockton over 500 older people are predicted to have a longstanding health condition caused by COPD which will need long-term care and rehabilitation.
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic disorders in the UK. There are currently over 3 million people with diabetes in the UK split 15:85 between type 1 and 2. There are nearly 4,200 people in Stockton with diabetes.
Being obese increases the likelihood of someone developing type 2 diabetes and can bring reduced mobility and independence as well as adversely affecting many medical conditions. It is estimated that nearly 9000 older people in Stockton are obese.
The number of older people predicted to have a fall is almost 9000, nearly 700 of which will result in hospital admission.
In Stockton-on-Tees, the number of older people with depression or dementia is over 6,000. Adult education in Stockton is delivered through Stockton Learning Skills. Older people in Stockton tend engage in non-accredited learning through courses including Pilates, aromatherapy, art & crafts, history and languages. In 2014/15 there were 693 learners over 65, in 2015/16 there was a similar to 696 learners over 65.