Stockton JSNA


Poverty

What is the level of need in the population?

Summary
Since 2004, Stockton-on-Tees has become less deprived relative to other local authority areas in England.  However, it still has areas containing high numbers of people living in poverty.  Relative deprivation seems to have improved particularly for older people.

Overall
The English Indices of Deprivation 2010 (ID 2010) show Stockton-on-Tees is the 100th most deprived of 326 local authority areas in England (DCLG, 2011).  In 2004 it was the 75th most deprived.

ID 2010 measures deprivation at lower super-output area (LSOA) level.  There are 117 LSOAs in Stockton-on-Tees, 34 of which (29%) are in the most deprived quintile in England.  Eighteen LSOAs (with a combined population of 27,600) are in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England and 4 of these (population 6,200) are in the most deprived 1% in England.

The most deprived areas in Stockton-on-Tees, 2010

LSOA code

LSOA Name

Ward where LSOA located

Population

E01012266

Stockton-on-Tees 014E

Stockton Town Centre

2,337

E01012252

Stockton-on-Tees 012C

Newtown

1,474

E01012195

Stockton-on-Tees 010B

Norton North

1,513

E01012265

Stockton-on-Tees 014D

Parkfield and Oxbridge; and Stockton Town Centre

929

Source: ID 2010

 

Stockton IMD 2010 LSOAs

The health inequalities indicator for local authorities shows that life expectancy for the most deprived in Stockton-on-Tees is lower than for the least deprived.  For men, the difference is 15.3 years and for women it is 11.3 years. The differences in England are 7.7 and 5.6 years respectively.  The differences between the most and least deprived groups in Stockton-on-Tees are the second largest in England for both men and women.  In Dudley (a similar area) the differences are 9.9 years for men and 5.7 years for women (Network of Public Health Observatories, 2011).

Stockton health inequalities indicator 2006-10

Children
Children are said to be in poverty if living in families in receipt of out-of-work means-tested benefits, or families in receipt of tax credits where reported income is less than 60% of median income (HMRC, 2012a).  In Stockton-on-Tees, 9,400 (21.9%) children are growing up in poverty by this measure (HMRC, 2012b).  There are six LSOAs in Stockton where more than half of all children are growing up in poverty.

Areas where more than half of children are in poverty, Stockton-on-Tees, 2010

LSOA code

LSOA Name

Ward where LSOA located

Children in poverty

E01012252

Stockton-on-Tees 012C

Newtown

355 (65.4%)

E01012284

Stockton-on-Tees 020C

Stainsby Hill

200 (57.7%)

E01012266

Stockton-on-Tees 014E

Stockton Town Centre

355 (56.2%)

E01012221

Stockton-on-Tees 009B

Hardwick

245 (52.6%)

E01012286

Stockton-on-Tees 017A

Mandale and Victoria

215 (52.4%)

E01012195

Stockton-on-Tees 010B

Norton North

245 (50.0%)

Source: HMRC (2012b)

 

Stockton children in poverty, 2010

The Indices of Deprivation 2010 contains an Income Deprivation Affecting Children Indicator (IDACI) for LSOAs (DCLG, 2011).  In Stockton-on-Tees, one LSOA is in the most deprived 1% in England, namely E01012252 in Newtown ward, and an additional 14 LSOAs are in the most deprived 10% in England by this measure.

The proportion of children eligible for free school meals varies from 1.8% in Northern Parishes to over 40% in Hardwick, Newtown and Stockton Town Centre (Tees Valley Unlimited, 2012).  Educational outcomes for children who are eligible for free school meals are worse than for the general population.  The gap is wider at GCSE than at the end of key stage 2.

Stockton educational attainment and disadvantage 2012


Working age adults
In Stockton-on-Tees, there are nearly 7,200 people claiming Job Seekers Allowance (JSA), 5.7% of the working age population (November 2012).  This compares with 3.8% in Great Britain (Nomis, 2012).

In November 2012 there were 2,320 people in Stockton-on-Tees who had been claiming JSA for more than 1 year.  For 18-24 year-olds, the rate was 11.9% compared with 5.7% of the working age population and 2.8% of people aged 50-64 years (Nomis, 2012).

In April 2012, there were five LSOAs in Stockton-on-Tees where more than 15% of the working age population claimed JSA.  This compared with a Stockton-on-Tees average of 5.8%, a North East rate of 7.6% and 4.9% in Great Britain.  The following map shows LSOAs lower than the England rate in green and those lower than the North East rate in yellow.

Areas where more than 15% of the working age population claim Jobseeker’s Allowance, Stockton-on-Tees, April 2012

LSOA code

LSOA Name

Ward where LSOA located

JSA Claimants

E01012265

Stockton-on-Tees 014D

Parkfield and Oxbridge; and Stockton Town Centre

146 (22.2%)

E01012266

Stockton-on-Tees 014E

Stockton Town Centre

324 (21.7%)

E01012263

Stockton-on-Tees 014B

Parkfield and Oxbridge

220 (20.5%)

E01012254

Stockton-on-Tees 012E

Newtown

173 (18.3%)

E01012252

Stockton-on-Tees 012C

Newtown

162 (17.4%)

Source: www.nomisweb.co.uk

 

Stockton JSA claimants by LSOA, April 2012

Older people
In Stockton-on-Tees, there are no LSOAs in the most deprived 1% of LSOAs in England for income deprivation affecting older people (DCLG, 2011).  However, 18 of the 117 LSOAs (15%) are in the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England for this indicator – one-and-a-half times the number expected.

Stockton IDAOPI by LSOA, 2010

Additional details can be found in the poverty chapter from Stockton-on-Tees JSNA 2010.

 

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