What evidence is there for effective intervention?
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
For over 100 years, the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) has investigated the root causes of poverty, monitoring its effects on people and places in the UK. Today, in a context of globalisation, financial and economic strain, austerity measures and extensive welfare reform, those at greatest risk are the poorer members of society. As poverty isn't just about money, JRF tries to understand exactly how much money does matter, and its interplay with other factors such as housing, education, aspirations and culture. It searches for practical strategies to reduce poverty, and wider social and economic inequalities, focusing particularly on the contribution that work, skills and economic growth can play now and in the future. Its work includes:
- an anti-poverty strategy for the UK;
- child poverty in the UK;
- education and poverty;
- forced labour (contemporary slavery) in the UK;
- minimum income standards;
- poverty and social exclusion; and
- poverty and ethnicity.
The Marmot Review (‘Fair Society, Healthy Lives’)
In November 2008, Professor Sir Michael Marmot was asked by the then Secretary of State for Health to chair an independent review to propose the most effective evidence-based strategies for reducing health inequalities in England from 2010.
The final report, 'Fair Society Healthy Lives', was published in February 2010 (Marmot Review, 2010), and concluded that reducing health inequalities would require action on six policy objectives:
1. Give every child the best start in life;
2. Enable all children, young people and adults to maximise their capabilities and have control over their lives;
3. Create fair employment and good work for all;
4. Ensure healthy standard of living for all;
5. Create and develop healthy and sustainable places and communities; and
6. Strengthen the role and impact of ill-health prevention.
Each of these policy objectives is influenced by the scale and distribution of poverty.
Additional resources for tackling poverty can be found at:
The Poverty and Social Exclusion website
Child Poverty Action Group
Townsend Centre for International Poverty Research